Cologne, which was established by the Roman Emperor in 50 BC for security against Germanic tribes, is a very beautiful city where we find peace in the shadow of its geourgeous cathedral.

If we look at Cologne’s history, from a region trembling with the conquest marches of the Roman armies to a holy city; And then isn't it extraordinary that it evolved from a city that was completely destroyed in World War II to the green German city of today?

When we got out of the crowded station in Cologne, where we traveled by train from Düsseldorf, the Cologne Cathedral greeted us first and shook us with its majesty. Wherever you come to Cologne, the cathedral will greet you first.

Cologne Cathedral is called Kölner Dom in German. The cathedral rises with an eye-catching majesty as there are not many tall buildings in the city, and it establishes a tremendous dominance with its gothic architecture. When we got lost, we lifted our heads up and determined our direction according to the Kölner Dom, which rose above the city, and wandered through the narrow streets of the city, which offered us a wonderful holiday.

When we got tired of walking and shopping, our feet always brought us to the Rhine. Where else can we find the taste of pommes, a snack we eat while looking at the Rhine, which twists and crosses Europe and where the ships never stop?

Local Guide

Kölner Dom: Cologne Cathedral, with its Gothic architecture, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Cologne Cathedral is free to visit. Climbing the tower costs 6 euros. 3 euros if you are a student. For more information, link.

Although it is difficult and tiring to climb the tower, you will think that the view is worth it. Especially those who love to take photos should not miss it.

You can also visit the cathedral treasury. For information, link.

In addition, if you want to get general information about the cathedral, the English website is as follows; link.

Altstadt (Oldtown): Altstadt is a historic center lined with old restored colorful houses, bars and restaurants. Of course, it is not possible to miss the Old Town area, where you can find the main attractions of the city and then walk by the Rhine, where you can find both peace and activity.

Brunnen der Fichweiber : This square, where you can see the symbolic green, orange, white, yellow and pink building of Cologne, is located in the Altstadt district. You should definitely take a photo at night. Just behind it, you will see the Great St. Martin Church. In the past, the fish transported by the Rhine were sold in the fish market established here. You don't need to search here specifically. While walking around Altstad, your feet will definitely bring you here.

Great St. Martin Church: The church is located in the Old Town square and just behind the Fischmarkt. Although not as magnificent and imposing as Cologne Dom, this is a very nice church. Its history is also very old. Although it has a history dating back to 960 AD, it was badly damaged and renovated in the 2nd World War. Ancient Roman ruins still exist.

Hohenzollern Bridge: This bridge, which was built to replace the damaged bridge in World War II, is used both as a pedestrian and a train track. Before climbing the bridge, you can see the equestrian statue of the German Emperor.

You should definitely do the cliché of putting a lock on the bridge and making your love eternal. Then throw your key into the river so that your love will be immortal.

Hohe street: You can find both brand products and local souvenirs on this street where you can find the stores of H&m, Kiko, Mac and many other big brands.

Roman's Northern Gate: This historical place right in front of Cologne Dom is small but eye-catching.

Roman Germanisches Museum (Römisch-Germanisches Museum): Located right next to Cologne Dom, the museum is a Prehistory and Early History museum.

 You will see many artifacts from the Roman and Germanic periods in the museum, which was built on the site of a Dionysos mosaic. Unfortunately, this valuable museum also suffered losses during the war. We also liked the gift shop section.

More information, link.

Schnütgen Museum: You will find many artifacts from the Middle Ages and especially the Christian world in the museum, where the history of the building dates back to 1130. It has a very large collection with sculptures and crosses. For more information, link.

Museum Ludwig: (Ludwig Museum): Located next to the Cologne Dom, the museum consists of artworks of the Ludwig family. The museum, which also includes the works of Rembrant and Picasso, is a very valuable cultural center. For more information, link. 

Cologne Chocolate Museum: In this great museum where you can see everything about chocolate, you will feel like you are in Charlie's Chocolate Factory while the smell of Lidl chocolate fills your nose. For more information, link. 

  • The Roman Emperor who founded the city gave the city the name of his wife, Agrippina. The city was named after Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippina. Afterwards, it continued with the name Colonia, which means colony.
  • The cathedral was able to survive in the city, which was almost destroyed in the Second World War. However, the cathedral, where the black shadow of the bombs is still on, has been included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list. The destruction of the war was so great for the city that the population fell from 800,000 to 104,000.
  •  In the 12th century, Cologne was considered a holy city along with Rome, Jerusalem and Istanbul.
  • It is the fourth largest city in Germany.
  • Eau de Cologne means Cologne water. Cologne was first produced in Cologne. It was originally used as a perfume. It started to be imported to Turkey during the reign of Abdulhamid II and became an indispensable welcome treat.
  • Cologne Carnival starts on 11 November.
  • Europe's largest Pride Parade is held in Cologne on the first weekend of July.
  • The Christmas Market usually runs from November 21 to December 23. You should check the dates before you go. In addition, activities should be followed. There may be interesting entertainments and shows at certain times.
Tips and Tricks
  • Cologne cathedral is also called Cologne Dom and Kölner Dom. Cologne Hauptbahnhof is right next to the Dom. When you leave the station, wherever you go, you can find your direction accordingly. The city's most visited museums are also very close by.
  • The Cologne card provides free transportation within the city and also a 50% discount in museums. 24 hour and 48 hour options are available. For detailed information; link.
  • It is also possible to buy day tickets only.
  • The S19 train will take you directly from the airport to Cologne cathedral.
  • There is a Turkish, English and German option at the ticket counters. You can easily buy tickets.
  • I recommend visiting Germany, which is very cold in winter, in spring and summer. On the other hand, I recommend you to visit the Christmas Market time, even if it is very cold. Because German cities are eye-catching during the Christmas Market held in the middle of winter. Therefore, if you coincide with your visit in December, you can have a wonderful holiday, buy gifts and feel warm in the middle of winter by drinking hot wine.
  • You can take a boat tour on the Rhine.
  • I recommend the old city area, namely Oldtown, and also altstadt in Germany, to stay. In terms of security, you will not have any question marks in your mind, and you can easily walk around the center of the city. However, in a quiet city like Cologne, I don't think there will be any security problems in any region.
  • Of course, there are some important things to eat in Germany. You should not miss Currywurst and Bratwurst sausage, German beer Weissbier, Turkish Doner with sauce, breakfast with Brezel, a crimson dessert bowl Rota Grütze and all other patisserie desserts.
  • You should definitely try Kölsch beer in local breweries. It is served in thin glasses. When finished, a new one is brought. If you are full now, you should put the coaster on the glass. Otherwise, your glass will continue to be filled.
  • Also, like everyone else, I will of course recommend you to eat Turkish doner kebab in Germany. Because you will experience a different taste with Turkish doner with sauce like the Germans love.
  • You should definitely taste donuts and other cakes in German patisseries. They have a great taste.
  • You can shop for food, markets and souvenirs very conveniently from Lidl, Edeka, Rewe, Aldi.
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